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New Laneway Suite By-Law (Toronto)

City of Toronto Zoning By-law

150.8 Laneway Suites

150.8.1 General

(1)Application of this Section
 The regulations of Section 150.8 apply to laneway suites. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]

150.8.20 Use Requirements

150.8.20.1 General

(1)Laneway Suite – Permitted Uses
  
 
(A)Despite regulation 10.5.60.1(2), an ancillary building may be used for living accommodation in one laneway suite.
(B)Despite regulation 10.5.60.1(3), an ancillary building may have both food preparation facilities and sanitary facilities in a laneway suite.
(C)Despite regulation 150.5.60.1(1) a home occupation is permitted in a laneway suite if the laneway suite is exclusively and separately occupied as a principal residence, applying the regulations of Section 150.5 as if it is a dwelling unit; and
(D)Despite regulation 150.13.20.1(1) a short-term rental is permitted in an ancillary building if it is in a laneway suite that is exclusively and separately occupied as a principal residence.
(E)Despite regulation 10.5.60.1(4) above-ground parts of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite may be erected prior to the erection of the main walls and completion of the roof of a residential building on the same lot. [ By-law: 810-2018; 1107-2021 ]
(2)Laneway Suite – Use Restriction
 A maximum of one ancillary building containing either a laneway suite or a garden suite is permitted on a lot. A lot may not contain both a laneway suite
and a garden suite. [ By-law: 101-2022 ]

150.8.30 Lot Requirements

150.8.30.20 Lot Line

(1)Minimum Lot Line on a Lane
 A laneway suite must be on a lot with a rear lot line or side lot line abutting a lane for at least 3.5 metres; or on a lot with a cumulative total of at least 3.5 metres along a side lot line and rear lot line. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]

150.8.50 Yards

150.8.50.10 Landscaping

(1)Landscaping Requirements for a Laneway Suite
 Despite regulation 10.5.50.10 (3), for a lot with a residential building and an ancillary building containing a laneway suite:
 
(A)with a lot frontage of 6.0 metres or less, a minimum of 60 percent of the area between all rear main walls of the residential building and the front main wall of the ancillary building containing a laneway suite must be for soft landscaping;
(B)with a lot frontage of greater than 6.0 metres, a minimum of 85 percent of the area between all rear main walls of the residential building and the front main wall of the ancillary building containing a laneway suite must be for soft landscaping, excluding a pedestrian walkway which may have a maximum width of 1.5 metres; and
(C)the area between the ancillary building containing a laneway suite and the lot line abutting a lane, excluding a permitted driveway, and a pedestrian walkway which may have a maximum width of 1.5 metres, must be landscaping, of which a minimum of 75 percent must be soft landscaping. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]

150.8.60 Ancillary Building Requirements When Containing a Laneway Suite

150.8.60.20 Setbacks

(1)Parts of a Laneway Suite to which a Required Building Setback Applies
 The required minimum ancillary building setbacks apply to all parts of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite above-ground and below-ground, excluding footings.<fontface=”times new=”” roman”=””> [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
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(2)Laneway Suite – Rear Yard Setback
 Despite regulations 10.5.60.20(2) and (5) and regulation 10.10.60.20(1), the required minimum rear yard setback for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is:
 
(A)if the rear lot line does not abut a street or lane and there are no openings such as vehicle access, doors or windows in the rear main wall of the ancillary building, 0.0 metres; and
(B)in all other cases, 1.0 metres. [ By-law: 810-2018; 1107-2021 ]
(3)Laneway Suite – Side Yard Setback
 Despite regulations 10.5.60.20(3) and (6) and regulation 10.10.60.20(1), the required minimum side yard setback for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is:
 
(A)if the side lot line does not abut a street or lane and there are no openings such as vehicle access, doors or windows in the side main wall of the ancillary building, 0.0 metres;
(B)if the side lot line abuts a street, the required minimum side yard setback for the residential building on the lot; [ By-law: 420-2023 ]
(C)if the side lot line abuts a lot in the R, RD, RS, RT or RM Zone and the rear lot line abuts a lane, beginning from a height of 4.0 metres, an ancillary building must be set back 1.5 metres from the side lot line that abuts the rear lot line of another lot; and [ By-law: 420-2023 ]
(D)in all other cases, 1.0 metres. [By-law: 810-2018] [By-law: 1107-2021] [By-law: 94-2022]

150.8.60.21 Setback Exemptions

(1)Permitted Setbacks for Lawfully Existing Ancillary Buildings
 If the lawful building setback of a lawfully existing ancillary building is less than the required minimum building setback for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite required by Clause 150.8.60.20, the required minimum building setback for a laneway suite in that lawfully existing ancillary building is:
 
(A)the minimum rear yard setback for that lawfully existing ancillary building; and [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]
(B)the minimum side yard setback for that lawfully existing ancillary building. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]

150.8.60.30 Separation and Dimensions

(1)Minimum Separation between a Residential Building and the Ancillary Building
 Despite regulation 10.5.60.30(1) an ancillary building containing a laneway suite must be:
 
(A)no less than 5.0 metres from a residential building on the same lot if the height of the ancillary building is no greater than 4.0 metres; and
(B)no less than 7.5 metres from a residential building on the same lot if the height of the ancillary building is greater than 4.0 metres. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(2)Angular Plane
 No part of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite may penetrate a 45 degree angular plane projected towards the rear lot line beginning from a height of 4.0 metres at a distance of 7.5 metres from rear main wall of the residential building on the same lot. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]
(3)Permitted Projections into a Required Angular Plane
 Despite regulation 150.8.60.30(2), a dormer or a vertical extension of the front main wall of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite may project into the required angular plane if it occupies no more than 30 percent of the total width of the ancillary building’s front main wall. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]
(4)Skylights and Windows in a Roof
 Despite regulation 150.8.60.30(2), windows or skylights may project into the required angular plane a maximum of 0.3 metres. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]
(5)Maximum Length of a Laneway Suite
 The permitted maximum building length for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is 10.0 metres. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]
(6)Maximum Width of a Laneway Suite
 The permitted maximum building width of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is 8.0 metres. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]

150.8.60.31 Separation Exemptions

(1)Minimum Separation Between a Lawfully Existing Residential Building and a Lawfully Existing Ancillary Building
 If the separation between a lawfully existing ancillary building and a lawfully existing residential building on the same lot is less than the required minimum separation between an ancillary building containing a laneway suite and a residential building required by Clause 150.8.60.30, the required minimum separation between the lawfully existing residential building and the lawfully existing ancillary building is the separation that exists between the lawfully existing ancillary building and the lawfully existing residential building. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]
(2)Permitted Length of a Lawfully Existing Ancillary Building
 If the lawful building length for a lawfully existing ancillary building is more than the permitted maximum building length for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite required by regulation 150.8.60.30(5), the permitted maximum building length for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is the lawful building length for the lawfully existing ancillary building. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]
(3)Permitted Width of a Lawfully Existing Ancillary Building
 If the lawful building width for a lawfully existing ancillary building is more than the permitted maximum building width for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite required by regulation 150.8.60.30(6), the permitted maximum building width for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is the lawful building width for the lawfully existing ancillary building. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]

150.8.60.40 Height

(1)Maximum Height of a Laneway Suite
 Despite regulation 10.5.60.40(2)(B), the permitted maximum height of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is:
 
(A)if the ancillary building containing a laneway suite is located a minimum of 5.0 metres to less than 7.5 metres from the residential building on the lot, 4.0 metres; and
(B)if the ancillary building containing a laneway suite is located 7.5 metres or more from the residential building on the lot, 6.3 metres. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]
(2)Maximum Storeys for Laneway Suites
 Despite regulation 10.5.60.40(3), an ancillary building or structure containing a laneway suite may have a maximum of two storeys, subject to (1) above. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(3)Height of Specific Structures on a Laneway Suite
 The following structures on the roof of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite may exceed the permitted maximum height for that building by 1.0 metres:<fontface=”times new=”” roman”=””>
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(A)antennae;
(B)flagpoles;
(C)parapets for a green roof, if they are no closer than 0.5 metres to the main walls of the ancillary building; [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]
(D)satellite dishes; and
(E)weather vanes. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(4)Height of Skylights on a Laneway Suite
 Skylights on the roof of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite may exceed the permitted maximum height for that building by 0.3 metres. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]
(5)Height of Elements for Functional Operation of a Building
 The following equipment and structures on the roof of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite may exceed the permitted maximum height for that building by 1.5 metres, subject to (6) below:
 
(A)equipment used for the functional operation of the ancillary building containing a laneway suite, such as electrical, utility, mechanical and ventilation equipment;
(B)structures or parts of the ancillary building containing a laneway suite used for the functional operation of the building, such as enclosed stairwells, roof access, maintenance equipment storage, chimneys, vents, and water supply facilities; and
(C)structures that enclose, screen or cover the elements listed in (A) and (B) above. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]
(6)Height – Horizontal Limits on Elements for Functional Operation of a Building
 Equipment, structures or parts of a building permitted in (5) above must not:
 
(A)cover more than 30 percent of the area of the roof, measured horizontally; and
(B)be located closer than 1.5 metres to the main walls of the ancillary building. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]
(7)Height of Laneway Suite Entrance
 Regulation 10.5.60.40(4) does not apply to an ancillary building containing a laneway suite. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]

150.8.60.50 Floor Area

(1)Exclusion from Floor Space Index
 The gross floor area an ancillary building containing a laneway suite is not included for the purpose of calculating the total gross floor area and floor space index for a lot. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(2)Laneway Suite – Interior Floor Area
 The interior floor area of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite must be less than the gross floor area of the residential building on a lot. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(3)Exemption from Maximum Floor Area for an Ancillary Building
 Regulation 10.5.60.50(2) does not apply to an ancillary building containing a laneway suite. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]

150.8.60.60 Decks, Platforms and Amenities, and Permitted Encroachments

(1)Interpretation of Platform Walls
 The exterior sides of a platform, such as a deck, porch, balcony or similar structure, attached to or within 0.3 metres of an ancillary building containing a laneway suite, are not main walls if at least 50 percent of the exterior sides above the floor are open to the outside. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(2)Platform Restrictions
 Despite regulation 10.5.60.20(11) a platform without main walls in accordance with (1) above, is permitted, if:
 
(A)the area of the platform, other than a green roof, is less than 10 percent of the interior floor area of the laneway suite;
(B)the platform complies with the required minimum building setbacks, separation distances and angular planes for the ancillary building containing a laneway suite; and
(C)the exterior sides of a platform adjacent to a side yard must be visually screened from an abutting lot by an opaque barrier with a vertical dimension of no less than 1.5 metres. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(3)Platform Height
 Despite regulation 10.5.60.40(5)(B), the level of the floor of a platform permitted in accordance with (2) above, other than a green roof, must be:
 
(A)no higher than 0.2 metres above the level of the floor of the storey from which it gains access; and
(B)no higher than 4.0 metres above average grade unless it is attached to or within 0.3 metres of a main wall facing a lane. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(4)Permitted Encroachments for Platforms
 Despite (2)(B) above, a platform without main walls in accordance with (1) above, together with stairs or ramps leading to the platform, may encroach into the distance separation required in regulation 150.8.60.30(1) a maximum of 1.5 metres from the front main wall of the ancillary building if the platform is no higher than 0.3 metres above the average elevation of the ground measured along the front main wall of the ancillary building. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(5)Permitted Encroachments for Canopies and Awnings
 A canopy, awning or similar structure, with or without structural support, or a roof over a platform which complies with (4) above, may encroach into a required separation distance or building setback, subject to the following:
 
(A)the maximum height of the roof, canopy, awning or similar structure is 4.0 metres above the average elevation of the ground measured along the abutting main wall of the ancillary building;
(B)a canopy, awning or similar structure may encroach into the distance separation required in regulation 150.8.60.30(1) a maximum of 1.5 metres from the front main wall of the ancillary building; and
(C)between a lane and the ancillary building containing a laneway suite, a canopy, awning or similar structure may encroach into the ancillary building setbacks required in Clause 150.8.60.20 a maximum of 0.75 metres from the ancillary building’s main wall facing the lane. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(6)Architectural Features
 Architectural features on an ancillary building containing a laneway suite must comply with the following:
 
(A)a pilaster, decorative column, cornice, sill, belt course or other similar architectural feature may encroach into a building setback required in Clause 150.8.60.20 or into the distance separation required in regulation 150.8.60.30(1) a maximum of 0.6 metres; and
(B)a chimney breast may encroach into a building setback required in Clause 150.8.60.20 or into the distance separation required in regulation 150.8.60.30(1) a maximum of 0.6 metres, if it is no wider than 2.0 metres. [ By-law: 810-2018 ]
(7)Equipment
 Wall mounted equipment on an ancillary building containing a laneway suite, such as vents, pipes, utility equipment, satellite dishes, antennae or air conditioners, may encroach a maximum of 0.6 metres into:
 
(A)on a main wall of the ancillary building facing a lane, the minimum building setbacks abutting the lane required in Clause 150.8.60.20; and
(B)on the front main wall of the ancillary building, the distance separation required in regulation 150.8.60.30(1). [ By-law: 810-2018 ]

150.8.60.70 Lot Coverage

(1)Lot Coverage Requirement for a Lot with a Laneway Suite
 Despite regulations 10.5.60.70(1) and 10.10.60.70(1), if a lot has an ancillary building containing a laneway suite:
 
(A)the ancillary building containing a laneway suite it is not included in the overall calculation of lot coverage; and
(B)the area of the lot covered by all ancillary buildings combined, including the ancillary building containing a laneway suite, may not exceed 30 percent of the lot area. [ By-law: 1210-2019 ]

150.8.80 Parking and Bicycle Parking

150.8.80.1 General

(1)Parking Space Requirement for a Lot with a Laneway Suite
 Despite the parking space requirements in regulations 200.5.10.1(1) and 200.5.10.11(1)(C):
 
(A)if a lot has an ancillary building containing a laneway suite, no parking spaces are required for any dwelling units and secondary suites in a detached housesemi-detached housetownhouseduplextriplex, or fourplex on the same lot; and
(B)no parking space is required for a laneway suite. [ By-law: 420-2023 ]
(2)Bicycle Parking Space Requirement for a Laneway Suite
 An ancillary building containing a laneway suite must have a minimum of two bicycle parking spaces within the laneway suite, or within any required separation distance, or within the required building setbacks for an ancillary building containing a laneway suite. [ By-law: 1107-2021 ]